Fabrice Monteiro: Maroons

Maroon is an English word that originates from the Spanish, “Cimarron”, which means living on the peaks. Between the 16th and 19th centuries an estimated 12 million Africans were enslaved and sent to the Americas. During the many voyages between Africa and the Americas, an estimated almost 2 million Africans died before reaching the “new world”. Communities of free Africans who escaped the horrific conditions of slavery throughout the Americas, lived both literally and figuratively “on the peaks” as fugitives who risked their lives for freedom.

Because Maroons posed a serious threat to colonial society, these communities of free Africans lived in a constant state of danger. Africans, who attempted to flee and were caught, were subject to abject torture inflicted through the use of metal masks, collars and chains. Using the Code Noir Monteiro redrew the plans of five different shackles to punish or discourage slaves of any escape attempt. He studied rare, archival photos and lithographs that depict the iron implements used to punish and ultimately discourage enslaved Africans from pursuing freedom.

Fabrice Monteiro is an emerging artist based in the fields of photojournalism, fashion photography, and portraiture. Born to a Beninese father and a Belgian mother, his childhood is nurtured with multi-cultural. His unique signature style revolves around his passion and love for the heart and the people of his country. Monteiro was not predicted to become a photographer. Photography came naturally to him, first as a professional model, he became aware of the complexity of the composition, the lighting and the posture. Traveling the world inspired him to develop more creative projects, Monteiro was not destined to become a photographer, photography came to him.

Fabrice Monteiro
February 4 – March 12

Mariane Ibrahim Gallery
1203 Second Ave, Ste A Seattle, WA 98101

The bells necklace would prevent slaves from escaping allowing to hear every slave movements
© Fabrice Monteiro: Maroons
The bells necklace would prevent slaves from escaping allowing to hear every slave movments
© Fabrice Monteiro: Maroons
© Fabrice Monteiro: Maroons
© Fabrice Monteiro: Maroons
The slaves who tried to run away underwent the punishments described by the law  in the french colonies.for exemple a necklace with long stalks  had for function to prevent them from running through the sugar cane fields
© Fabrice Monteiro: Maroons
© Fabrice Monteiro: Maroons
© Fabrice Monteiro: Maroons
During the slave trade , fugitives were contrained to wear a bell's collar to punish and prevent them for trying to escape.With these bells collars on, they could be hear at a distance.Benin,January 2010
© Fabrice Monteiro: Maroons
© Fabrice Monteiro: Maroons